The outline of a carpet loom looks like a wooden frame. Warp threads are vertically wound around the loom parallel to each other, depending on the type and size of the carpet. After preparing the warp, a chain like plait called "chiti" is woven, leaving a margin for fringes, and then a 2-4 cm wide kilim weaving is done so as to prevent the pile knots from shifting and dropping out. Upon completion of this procedure, the carpet is ready for weaving.
The weaver hangs the colored knotting threads wound into small balls together with the carpet design, drawn on a quadratic board, somewhere within reach. The type of quadratic heet used depends on the type of the carpet and the density of its knots. A quarter of the carpet in a symmetric model with a center pattern, and a half of the niche design is drawn on 1/2 quadratic sheet. Each knot on the carpet corresponds to one square on the quadratic sheet and its color is designated by the paint covering the respective square.
Sitting on a small tool, the weaver begins weaving the carpet from the bottom upwards. As the weaving progresses, the carpet is shifted behind the loom. Upon completion of o row of knots, the weaver passes the horizontal thread called weft through the warp threads (below and above) across the width of the carpet, and firmly presses on the knots with the shed stick. The ends of knots, which have been cut roughly with a knife at the time of each knotting, are then trimmed with a special pair of scissors to make them even with the face (pile) of the carpet.
The two methods used in carpet weaving are; (Gordes) Turkish knot and (Sine) Persian knot (single knot). Although the single knot method largely facilitates working with detailed motifs, the double knot method produces an extraordinary strength. Carpets woven with the double knot method, therefore, turn out to be an important means of investment as they stand better against wear and tear in time.
Upon completion of the carpet, another kilim weaving is done so as to fix the knots. Finally, chain plait is woven and the carpet is cut loose from its warp to be taken out of the loom. It is then washed with soapy water, to get rid of the dust and dirt collected during the course of weaving, and made ready for use.
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